This beauty treatment is a mechanical procedure that used a power-drive (hand held device equipped with a rotating metal wheel) that used a wire brush of a diamond fraise to remove the upper layers of the skin.
The results of dermabrasion are actually permanent, making it an ideal technique for treating skin acne, removing scars or tattoos and promoting new skin growth. When we say permanent, we mean that it has long term effects (up to 1 year or more). Sometimes, patients repeat the dermabrasion treatment but this requires for the skin to be healed completely from the previous session. However, you must keep in mind that this procedure does no prevent new wrinkles from appearing in the natural aging process.
Each dermabrasion procedure helps to improve the appearance of the skin by 20 to 50%; the results depend on the condition and type of skin, the dermabrasion machine used and lifestyle.
Main difference between dermabrasion and microdermabrasion
The main difference between these two techniques is that microdermabrasion exfoliates only the top 10-15 microns; dead cells and used crystals are then vacuumed back in the device, leaving the skin cleaner, smoother and shinier. Dermabrasion, on the other hand, exfoliates thicker skin layers.
Dermabrasion is a one-session treatment, requiring another yearly session for maintenance. Microdermabrasion treatment consists of 6 to 12 sessions, scheduled 2 weeks apart and usually require a once every 2-3 months session for maintenance.
Usually, this technique of skin abrasion requires local anesthesia, depending on the size of the area that is being treated. Before starting, your specialist will clean the region with an antiseptic cleaning gel. After doing so, he/she will start the skin-peeling process using the rotating wheel of the machine until the desired depth of the dermis is reached.
A dermabrasion session can take from a few minutes to a couple of hours, depending on the level of treatment and the size of the area.
After The Treatment
You can expect your skin to be red, sore and swollen just after the dermabrasion treatment. Your physician will prescribe any painkillers (and possibly antibiotics) to make your recovery period more comfortable. You may also experience scabbing and uneven pigmentation.
After a few days, these conditions will start to diminish and the outer layer of the epidermis simply falls off, leaving your skin with a rejuvenated look, if not a little pinkish. After 2 to 3 months after the treatment, your skin will begin to regain its normal color and you finally start to experience the real dermabrasion results. Your specialist will monitor your healing process to make sure that no complications occur.
The procedure does not involve any serious, known risks. Some patients with very sensitive skin may experience some irregular irritation. There is an additional risk for discoloration with dermabrasion. Excessive scar tissue (keloid or hypertrophic scars) can develop in some individuals. These can be treated with injections or cortisone creams.